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A primer on forests

Tree coverage ≠ forest area. A forest is not just a group of trees. It is a complex ecosystem consisting of a variety of flora, fauna, and microorganisms that all function together. Our forests sequester an estimated two billion tonnes of CO2 every year (since 2000) and so forestry offers one of the most immediate and practical solutions for climate change mitigation.

There are three general types of forests (with additional subtypes based on the amount of precipitation received). Forests cover about 31% of our global land area (as of 2020), with the majority distributed across only ten countries. More than half of all forests are found in only five: Brazil, Canada, the US, China, and Russia. Russia has the largest forested area with 20% of all global forests located there.

Source: CarbonBrief

Source: CarbonBrief